講演者: Dr. Roberto Terrosi (Ritsumeikan University)
日時: 2019年6月6日(木) 17:00-18:30
The Question of Posthuman in the Philosophical Thought After the End of Postmodernism
Postmodern thought pretended to be the literally the thought that came after the end of modernism. But, was it really so? In the exaltation of hermeneutics they did not escape the so-called “Copernican revolution”. They introduced suspects about the supremacy of the subject, but they were not able to overcome the fundamental transcendentalist approach. Indeed postmodernism conserved its ties with phenomenology. They weakened the subject but they still started from the subject. Their relativism increased the importance of humanistic individualism. The individual was discovered to be influenced by other factors, but not in a deterministic way. This resulted only in a stronger relativism of factors, among which the weak subject could trace her/his path toward success, crossing borders and transgressing taboos. My argumentation wants to show that postmodernism did not succeed in overcoming modernism, and they simply placed themselves on the edge of modernity, or inside the edge itself, in between the limit, which divides modernism from something else. What I will try to say is that posthumanism is the first real attempt of thinking outside and after the modernist paradigm, abandoning the subject within the abandonment of the concept of humanity. My discourse will try to show in which ways posthumanism achieve this position, considering several approaches and criticizing some of them. In this sense, posthumanism is difficult to be thought. Many times, as we will see, alleged posthuman thinkers only propose again the conception of postmodernism or of cultural studies disguised under a new dress (as in the case of the so-called “critical posthumanism”). In other cases, posthumanism is a way to disguise a form of anti-speciesism that is based on the extension of an anthropocentric utilitarian conception of ethics. Finally other times posthumanism is referred to a condition of empowerment of humans as in the case of transhumanism. In my opinion, posthumanism has to be rooted in a deeper philosophical framework concerning epistemology, ontology, ethics, and politics.
post-human, postmodernism, anthropological philosophy, cyber-phisical systems, blindsight, singularity